Just as the Yellow River gave birth to the great Chinese culture and the Ganges brought forth the culture of India, Chesapeake Bay, one of the world's great estuaries, was home to the culture and economic prosperity of Maryland state. The bay is navigable, and provides a rich habitat for abundant populations of fish and wildlife. The bay and its harbors are an appropriate environment for migratory waterfowl, and for crabs, oysters, and clam harvests.
During the War of 1812, which is also known as the second war of independence of the United States, Fort McHenry, the sentinel of Baltimore's harbor, sustained serious attacks from artillery, including rockets. The horrific scene of war inspired Francis Scott Key to write the song "Star-Spangled Banner" in praise of the successful defense of the fort. Now the “Star-Spangled Banner” is the official national anthem for the United States of America.