As the home of the famous Forrest Gump, Alabama joined the union as the 22nd state in 1819. It is located in the southern United States and nicknamed the “Heart of Dixie.” The region that became Alabama was occupied by American Indians as early as 10,000 years ago. Europeans came to Alabama in 16th century.
During the first half of the 19th century, cotton and slave labor were the center of Alabama’s economy. The state played an essential role in the American Civil War; its capital, Montgomery, was the Confederacy’s first capital. Following the war, segregation of blacks and whites prevailed throughout much of the South. In the mid-20th century, Alabama was at the center of the American Civil Rights Movement and home to such pivotal events as the Montgomery Bus Boycott. In the early 21st century, the economy of the state was mainly based on jobs which are related to aerospace, agriculture, auto production and the service sector.